ESPN 51th Annual Meeting

ESPN 2018


 
Evaluation of anxiety levels in children and their mothers which primary enuresis nokturna is recognized
AYSEL KARACA UNLU 1 BAGDAGUL AKSU 1 AYSE AGBAS 1 DUYGU GUNES 1 MURAT ELEVLI 1

1- ISTANBUL HASEKI TRAINING AND RESEARCH HOSPITAL
 
Introduction:

Enuresis Nocturna is defined as involuntary urinary incontinence during sleep without an organic cause in children older than 5 years old. The aim of the present study is to demonstrate the effect of primary enuresis nocturna  (PEN) on the anxiety status of the children with PEN and their mothers.

Material and methods:

 The study population is consisted of 96 children (52 PEN, 44 healty children without PEN and any chronic disease) and their mothers. Anxiety levels of the study population were evaluted by using Screen for Child Anxiety and Related Disorders (SCARED) in children and State-TraitAnxiety Inventory (STAI-1, STAI-2) in the mothers. The relationship between mothers’ verbal-physical violence and childrens anxiety levels was assessed in the PEN group.

Results:

 The mean score of SCARED was significantly higher in PEN group compared to healthy control (32.5 ± 10.7 vs 26.7 ± 10.6 respectively, p = 0.009). The STAI-2 score was significantly higher in the enuretic childrens mothers compared to mothers of the healthy control (49.4 ± 8.8, 42.4 ± 6.8 respectively, p = 0.001). There was no association between mothers’ verbal-physical violence and childrens anxiety levels (p>0.05).

Conclusions:

 We have demonstrate that anxiety levels of children with PEN and their mothers are significantly higher compared to their healthy peers. Recognition and management of anxiety, while managing the PEN is important. Furthermore treatment of PEN will increase quality of life with both resolution of enuresis and the anxiety status of both the children with PEN and their mothers.