ESPN 51th Annual Meeting

ESPN 2018


 
Prevalence of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder in Pediatric and Adolescent Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease
PARSA YOUSEFICHAIJAN 1 MASOUD REZAGHOLIZAMENJANY 2 BAHMAN SALEHI 3 MOHAMMAD RAFIE 4 Mozhgan Dahmardnezhad 2 Mahdyieh Naziri 2

1- AMIR KABIR HOSPITAL, DEPARTMENT OF PEDIATRIC NEPHROLOGY, ASSOCIATE PROFESSOR OF PEDIATRIC NEPHROLOGY, ARAK UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, ARAK, IRAN.
2- SCHOOL OF MEDICINE, ARAK UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, ARAK, IRAN.
3- ASSOCIATE PROFESSOR OF PSYCHIATRIC, ARAK UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, ARAK, IRAN.
4- ASSOCIATE PROFESSOR OF BIOSTATISTICS, ARAK UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, ARAK, IRAN
5- DEPARTMENT OF PEDIATRIC, ASSISTANT PROFESSOR OF PEDIATRIC, ARAK UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, ARAK, IRAN.
 
Introduction:

Nephrotic syndrome (NS) is characterized by nephritic-range proteinuria and the triad of clinical findings associated with large urinary losses of protein, hypoalbuminemia, edema and hyperlipidemia. More than 80% of children below 13 years of age with primary NS have steroid-responsive forms. There is no identifiable cause of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). It is likely that the symptoms of ADHD represent a final common pathway of diverse causes, including genetic, organic and environmental etiologies.

Material and methods:

This case-control study was performed on 130 children aged between 5 and 13 years who were followed-up for two years. Sixty-five children with steroid-dependent nephrotic syndrome (SDNS) as the case group and 65 healthy children as the control group were included in the study. Patients with minimal change NS were treated with prednisolone for at least six months. Conners Parent Rating Scale - 48 (CPRS-48) was completed by the parents and the children were identified with any form of ADHD. Then, children were referred to an expert psychiatrist. The collected data were analyzed with SPSS software.

Results:

The result showed that there was no significant relationship between different types of ADHD in both groups.

Conclusions:

Based on current study, one may conclude that there are no significant differences between prevalence of ADHD in children with SDNS and the control group.