ESPN 51th Annual Meeting

ESPN 2018


 
The correlation between attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and steroid-dependent nephrotic syndrome
PARSA YOUSEFICHAIJAN 1 MASOUD REZAGHOLIZAMNJANY 2 BAHMAN SALEHI 3 MOHAMMAD RAFIEI 4 MOZHGAN DAHMARDNEZHAD 2 MAHDYIEH NAZIRI 1

1- AMIR KABIR HOSPITAL, DEPARTMENT OF PEDIATRIC NEPHROLOGY, ASSOCIATE PROFESSOR OF PEDIATRIC NEPHROLOGY, ARAK UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, ARAK, IRAN.
2- SCHOOL OF MEDICINE, ARAK UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, ARAK, IRAN
3- DEPARTMENT OF PSYCHIATRY, ASSISTANT PROFESSOR OF PSYCHIATRICS, ARAK UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, ARAK, IRAN.
4- DEPARTMENT OF BIOSTATISTICS, ARAK UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, ARAK, IRAN.
 
Introduction:

 Nephrotic syndrome (NS) is characterized by nephritic-range proteinuria and the triad of clinical findings associated with large urinary losses of protein, hypoalbuminemia, edema and hyperlipidemia, also there is no identifiable cause of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). It is likely that the symptoms of ADHD represent a final common pathway of diverse causes, including genetic, organic and environmental etiologies.

Material and methods:

This case-control study was performed on130 children. Sixty-five children with steroid-dependent nephrotic syndrome (SDNS) as the case group and 65 healthy children as the control group were included in the study. Patients with minimal change NS were treated with prednisolone for at least six months. Conners Parent Rating Scale - 48 (CPRS-48) was completed by the parents and the children were identified with any form of ADHD. Then, children were referred to an expert psychiatrist. The collected data were analyzed with SPSS software.

Results:

 The result showed that there was no significant relationship between different types of ADHD in both groups.

Conclusions:

Based on current study, one may conclude that there are no significant differences between prevalence of ADHD in children with SDNS and the control group.