ESPN 51th Annual Meeting

ESPN 2018


 
PREVALANCE AND ASSOCIATED FACTORS OF ENURESIS AMONG 5-12 YEARS OF AGE PRIMARY SCHOOL CHILDREN IN EDÄ°RNE IN TURKEY
OZGE TURKYILMAZ UCAR 1 EMINE NESE OZKAYIN 2 NESRIN TURAN 3

1- EDIRNE STATE HOSPITAL, CLINIC OF PEDIATRI, EDIRNE, TURKEY
2- TRAKYA UNIVERSITY, DEPARTMENT OF PEDIATRIC NEPHROLOGY, EDIRNE, TURKEY
3- TRAKYA UNIVERSITY, DEPARTMENT OF BIOSTATIC, EDIRNE, TURKEY
 
Introduction:

Enuresis is the most seen urological problem of childhood and it is the widest chronical health problem after allergic disorsers. The aim of this study was to determinate the prevalence of enuresis in central primary schools in Edirne at 5-12 aged children and etiological reasons which affect it.

Material and methods:

The study was performed in all central primary schools in Edirne in Turkey between April 2014 and June 2014. The questionnaire, which consisted of questions, aiming to evaluate the enuresis condition of participants and their characteristics was filled in by 8490 parents.The study included 4319 children (%50.8), who answered all questionnaire and gave their consent.Those students with diurnal symptoms were excluded in our study. 3870 children were evaluated in our research.

Results:

The mean age of 3870 children was 8.57±1.65 years. 48.1% (n=1862) of the students were male and 51.9% (n=2008) were female. Enuresis is defined as bedwedding at least one night per week. The enuresis prevalence was 8.8% (n=341); 10.3%  for males, 7.5% for females. Independent risk factors for enuresis were male gender (p=0.022), age, the sibling’s story of urinary inontinence (p=0.030), the mother’s story of urinary incontinence (p=0.030), the father’s story of urinary incontinence (p=0.032), education level of the mother (p=0.001), below min. Wage family mountly income (p=0.023),  deep sleep (p=0.001), encopresis as a symptom of parasitic infection (p=0.005), pruritus ani (p=0.027), living in crowded families (p=0.031), poor school performance (p=0021), attainment of toilet training after 36 months of age (p=0.046).

 

Conclusions:

As a result, although enuresis is seen in area frequently, our results indicate that the environments which children live, socioeconomic status of the family, education level of parents are associated with this illness but struggle of families about enuresis was detected incorrect. We believe that health education for enuresis which is effective in reducing the frequency of risk factors, must be given to family.